Message NotesRuth – Part 15 Page 1
Sunday May 15th 2016
1). Ru 3:17 And she said, "These six ephahs of barley he gave me; for he said to me, 'Do not go empty-handed [in vain] to your mother-in-law.'" 18 Then she said, "Sit still, my daughter, until you know how the matter will turn out; for the man will not rest until he has concluded the matter this day."
Following the events on Boaz’s threshing floor we find that Ruth has not returned to the city and to her mother-in-law ‘in vain’; rather she returns having accomplished all that she set out to do having followed Naomi’s instructions exactly. Given that which she had already beaten out for herself during her work in Boaz’s field she is now in possession of 7 ephahs of barley – the full reward that she had been promised in Chapter 2 - Ru 2:12 "The LORD repay your work, and a full reward be given you by the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings you have come for refuge."
Ruth, through her obedience to her mother-in-law had found refuge under the wings of the Lord God of Israel and as a result of doing so was able to request that Boaz would spread his wing over her, a request we will remember that states very plainly Ruth’s desire for marriage and a son to come from that marriage, to be raised up on the name of her dead husband, a request that had to be honored.
a). And here at the end of Chapter 3 Ruth had returned with the full reward and the promise of a redeemed inheritance which would impact not only herself but her mother-in-law as well, resulting in Naomi’s statement of certainty – ‘for the man will not rest until he has concluded the matter this day.’
b). Because of the events on the threshing floor, following Ruth’s work and preparation, the redemption of the inheritance is certain and that Ruth will enter into marriage for the purpose of raising up a son is also certain, but we will remember that Boaz had told Ruth - Ru 3:12 "Now it is true that I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. 13 "Stay this night, and
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in the morning it shall be that if he will perform the duty of a close relative for
you-good; let him do it. But if he does not want to perform the duty for you, then
I will perform the duty for you, as the LORD lives! Lie down until morning."
Boaz was a close relative in Elimelech’s family with a right to redemption, but
there was a closer relative still, whose right to redeem took precedent over
Boaz and so a determination had to be made as to which of these two, Boaz or
the closer relative would redeem the inheritance and take Ruth as his wife –
the outcome was never in doubt, only which of the two would make it happen.
c). And this determination as to who would redeem was made at the
gate of the city in the presence of 10 elders of the people - Ru 4:1 ¶ Now Boaz
went up to the gate and sat down there; and behold, the close relative of whom
Boaz had spoken came by. So Boaz said, "Come aside, friend, sit down here." So
he came aside and sat down. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and
said, "Sit down here." So they sat down.
2). As we look at the type here we can clearly see that there are just 2
individuals who have the right to redeem and this is just what we see as we
bring this over into the antitype.
a). Redemption is only the prerogative of Deity and therefore falls to
God the Father and God the Son. We know that - Joh 5:22 "For the Father
judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son,
And we know that it was the Son who died at Calvary to pay the price for
redemption, but also remember that it was the blood of God that was shed
that day. And keeping all this in mind it is easy to see the identity of the closer
relative in the antitype.
b). And that which we see in the type we will find corresponding to the
antitype - Ru 4:3 Then he said to the close relative, "Naomi, who has come back
from the country of Moab, sold the piece of land which belonged to our brother
Elimelech. 4 "And I thought to inform you, saying, 'Buy it back in the presence of
the inhabitants and the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it; but
if you will not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know; for there is no one but
you to redeem it, and I am next after you.'" And he said, "I will redeem it." 5 Then
Boaz said, "On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also
buy it from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to perpetuate the name of
the dead through his inheritance." 6 And the close relative said, "I cannot
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redeem it for myself, lest I ruin my own inheritance. You redeem my right of
redemption for yourself, for I cannot redeem it."
As we have noted throughout our study to redeem the inheritance is not just
about the field which had been lost but also about marriage to a woman who
had her origins in a Gentile nation.
c). And it is faced with the necessity of marriage and the son which
would come from it that causes the closer relative to forego his right of
redemption. He obviously has a wife already and does not want to ‘ruin’ the
inheritance that comes out of that relationship – and so the right to redeem is
given to Boaz - Ru 4:7 Now this was the custom in former times in Israel
concerning redeeming and exchanging, to confirm anything: one man took off
his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was a confirmation in Israel. 8
Therefore the close relative said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." So he took off his
The taking off and then giving of the sandal to Boaz marks his right to now
redeem the inheritance and take Ruth the Moabitess to be his wife.
d). If we carry all this over into the antitype we have already seen the
Bride revealed through judgment at Christ’s Judgment Seat and following the
type she will receive her reward just as Ruth had done - Mt 16:27 "For the Son
of Man will come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and then He will
reward each according to his works.
e). Now the reward to be received is multi-faceted; we know that –
Col 3:24……………from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance;
The inheritance though does not just speak about the Kingdom of the Heavens
as we can see from that recorded in - Heb 1:14 Are they not all ministering
spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation?
f). There is a salvation to be inherited as part of the reward, but this is
clearly not referring to the salvation we presently possess, our eternal
salvation, as inheritance, as we have seen throughout our study of Ruth, is a
family concern – inheritance can only be received by a family member and it is
only upon our eternal salvation that we become a part of God’s family and
only then in a position to inherit the reward.
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g). And we cannot inherit that which is a free gift – it is either a gift or an
inheritance it cannot be both. The salvation which is being dealt with here is
described this way in - 1Pe 1:3 ¶ Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a
living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an
inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in
heaven for you, 5 who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation
ready to be revealed in the last time.
It is the salvation made possible through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from
the dead, not the salvation based on His death and shed blood; a salvation that
comes through faith, which is, ‘to be revealed in the last time’, a salvation that
is ‘reserved in heaven’ for those kept by the power of God through faith – And
if we follow through with these verses in Peter we are left in no doubt which
salvation we are talking about – 1Pe 1:9 receiving the end [goal, completion] of
your faith--the salvation of your souls.
h). Just as all that Ruth had done, from her journey, to her work in
Boaz’s field to her preparations, were all done by faith and then brought to
completion at Boaz’s threshing floor, so all that the faithful Christian has done
by faith in the likeness of Ruth will be brought to completion at Christ’s
i). Just as Ruth received a full reward so the faithful Christian will
receive the reward of the inheritance, the salvation of the soul – and just as
Ruth received the 7 ephahs of barley wrapped in a shawl, so the faithful
Christian will receive the covering of glory lost in the Garden, the wedding
garment, as a precursor to rulership.
j). The Book of Ruth ends with a genealogy that takes us to David the
King and the outcome for the faithful Christian will lead to marriage with the
greater Son of David, the Lord Jesus Christ – all of course with rulership in the
7th Day in view as this has been God’s stated purpose and intent from the
beginning. Rulership over the earth is God’s purpose for creating Adam and
the Woman, and is the reason for our eternal salvation and is the place to
which all scripture moves and human history inexorably marches –
Ge 1:26 ¶ Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our
likeness; let them have dominion…...
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Lu 19:17 "And he said to him, 'Well done, good servant; because you were
faithful in a very little, have authority over ten cities.'
Re 20:6 Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over such
the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and
shall reign with Him a thousand years.
Power Point – Slides 1-3
3). So then, the revealed Bride will receive the salvation of their souls and the
covering of glory that comes with the redemption of the body as a precursor
to rulership – Ro 8:23 Not only that, but we also who have the firstfruits of the
Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the
adoption, the redemption of our body.
And the faithful Christian being in the Lord’s presence in this fully redeemed
condition makes the same request to Christ that Ruth had made to Boaz. And
just as Boaz could only respond in obedience to the Law so the One who is the
Word made flesh can only respond according to His own word.
a). And what we saw at the beginning of Chapter 4 of Ruth finds its
fulfillment in Revelation Chapter 5 - Re 5:1 ¶ And I saw in the right hand of
Him who sat on the throne a scroll written inside and on the back, sealed with
seven seals. 2 Then I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, "Who is
worthy to open the scroll and to loose its seals?" 3 And no one in heaven or on
the earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll, or to look at it. 4 So I
wept much, because no one was found worthy to open and read the scroll, or to
look at it. 5 But one of the elders said to me, "Do not weep. Behold, the Lion of
the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the scroll and to loose
its seven seals." 6 ¶ And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of
the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as though
it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits
of God sent out into all the earth. 7 Then He came and took the scroll out of the
right hand of Him who sat on the throne.
Here then is God the Father and God the Son in the throne room of God, the
place from which all governance emanates, in the presence of the elders in
order to determine who will open the 7 sealed scroll, the document that
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contains the terms of the redemption of the inheritance, the judgments of the
tribulation, in the antitype of Boaz and the closer relative.
b). In this picture it is Christ who is found worthy to open the scroll and
He is described as both ‘the Lion of the tribe of Judah’ and ‘a Lamb as though it
had been slain’ and this is because redemption comes through judgment. It is
Christ the Lion who brings judgment and Christ the Lamb who brings
redemption from this.
c). And within the Book of the Revelation the focus is by far on
redemption rather than judgment. This is the only place where the Lord is
described as ‘the Lion’ whereas He is described 28 times as ‘the Lamb’. So
then, the events of the tribulation as horrific as they are have at their heart
redemption – redemption of the world forfeited in the Garden by the first Man
to be reclaimed by the Second and the redemption of God’s chosen people
Israel, hidden in the world.
d). Just as the closer relative in Ruth Chapter 4 gives his sandal to Boaz
to confirm that his right of redemption now belongs to Boaz so God the Father
gives the 7 sealed scroll into the hands of His Son to confirm that it is Christ
who has the right to redeem.
e). We will remember in Ruth Chapter 4 that we read - Ru 4:6 And the
close relative said, "I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I ruin my own inheritance.
So how should we understand this with respect to God the Father in the
antitype? Well there are 2 interconnected elements that explain this –
Isa 19:25 whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, "Blessed is Egypt My
people, and Assyria the work of My hands, and Israel My inheritance."
Israel is God the Father’s inheritance and Israel is His wife, an estranged wife
at present, but one whom he will remarry following the nation’s repentance
pictured in foundation through Abraham marrying Keturah and described in
the first sign given in John’s Gospel, the wedding at Cana of Galilee.
f). For God the Father to take a wife in addition to Israel, for that’s what
comes through redeeming the inheritance, just as we saw in Ruth, would ‘ruin’
His own inheritance.
g). And then in conjunction with this let’s remember the foundational
picture that God set out for rulership over the restored earth –
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Ge 1:27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created
him; male and female He created them. 28 Then God blessed them, and God said
to them, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion
Rulership as set out in Genesis has to take place through a Man and a Woman
in a marriage relationship. This is the way the matter has been clearly stated
in the beginning and cannot change.
h). So then, if God the Father redeemed the inheritance and took the
Church as His wife there would be no wife for Christ and therefore He could
not rule, there could be no Millennial Kingdom.
i). The scriptures state - Ps 2:6 "Yet I have set My King On My holy hill of
Zion." 7 ¶ "I will declare the decree: The LORD has said to Me, 'You are My Son,
Today [Lit. ‘for this day’] I have begotten You. 8 Ask of Me, and I will give You
The nations for Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth for Your possession.
And so for God to fulfill His own word the Last Adam must have a wife just as
the first Adam did and together they will rule from the Kingdom of the
Heavens over the earth during the Millennial Kingdom.
j). God the Son will have a wife and God the Father will have a wife and
rulership with respect to the heavens and the earth can then take place.
k). Similarly, only firstborn sons can rule in the Kingdom with respect to
the restored earth and faithful Christians comprising the Bride will be adopted
as a firstborn son at the Judgment Seat and this must take place so that there
will be 3 firstborn sons, the prefect number, ruling in the Millennial Kingdom
– The Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten firstborn Son, Israel an adopted
firstborn son - Ex 4:22 "Then you shall say to Pharaoh, 'Thus says the LORD:
"Israel is My son, My firstborn.
And faithful Christians, as we have seen already, adopted as a result of the
events at the Judgment Seat - Ro 8:23 Not only that, but we also who have the
firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly
waiting for the adoption, the redemption of our body.
And let’s keep in mind as we look at this that the designation ‘wife’ and
‘firstborn son’ with respect to ourselves has nothing to do with gender or
number, but everything to do with function.
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Power Point – Slides 4-6
4). Ru 4:8 Therefore the close relative said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." So he
took off his sandal. 9 ¶ And Boaz said to the elders and all the people, "You are
witnesses this day that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was
Chilion's and Mahlon's, from the hand of Naomi. 10 "Moreover, Ruth the
Moabitess, the widow of Mahlon, I have acquired as my wife, to perpetuate the
name of the dead through his inheritance, that the name of the dead may not be
cut off from among his brethren and from his position at the gate. You are
witnesses this day."
a). As Boaz takes the sandal from the closer relative so he also buys the
inheritance and along with it purchases Ruth as his wife just as we had seen in
the parables of the treasure and the pearl in Matthew Chapter 13.
b). There are just a few lines covering this in Ruth, but in the Book of the
Revelation the redemption of the inheritance is a process that begins in
Chapter 6, and takes 7 years to complete - Re 6:1 ¶ Now I saw when the Lamb
opened one of the seals; and I heard one of the four living creatures saying with
a voice like thunder, "Come and see." 2 And I looked, and behold, a white horse.
He who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out
conquering and to conquer.
And is described in detail in Revelation Chapters 6-20 [along with Exodus,
Daniel, Esther etc]
c). And just as Ruth automatically became Boaz’s wife through the
completion of this legal transaction of redemption, so Christ’s Bride will
automatically become His Wife upon the fulfillment of the terms of the
redemption of the inheritance seen in the judgments of the 7 sealed scroll.
d). This is not about ceremony but about the fulfillment of the judicial
and redemptive process – it is not about a ‘wedding’, but about rulership in
the 7th Day.
e). And this whole process which began in the Garden brings to
fulfillment that which was started there. Although Adam ‘died’ there will be
redemption and marriage through a close relative resulting in 3 firstborn sons
who have been raised up on the name of the dead that his name would not be
cut off from among his brethren and from his position at the gate.
f). We will remember the promise given to Abraham –
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Ge 22:17 "blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your
descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore;
and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies.
g). Although Adam was expelled from the Garden, the place from which
he should have ruled so that God would deal with him ‘outside’ and just as
Israel is expelled through death from the Land from which they should have
ruled so that God can deal with them ‘outside’; the firstborn sons raised up on
Adam’s name will enter and occupy the Kingdom of the Heavens and the Land
of Israel, the locations from which rulership will take place, with the only
begotten Firstborn Son in both locations, and now those created on the 6th day
for the purpose of rulership will be complete and properly located to do just
h). And most especially for those found faithful, following the Judgment
Seat, there will be for the first and only time since before Adam ate from the
tree of the knowledge of good and evil, members of the human race with a
fully redeemed spirit, a fully redeemed soul and a body covered in glory, once
more in the image and likeness of God.
i). Ro 8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for
the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not
willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope; 21 because the creation
itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious
liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation groans
and labors with birth pangs together until now.
j). Isa 55:6 ¶ Seek the LORD while He may be found, Call upon Him while
He is near. 7 Let the wicked forsake his way, And the unrighteous man his
thoughts; Let him return to the LORD, And He will have mercy on him; And to
our God, For He will abundantly pardon. 8 "For My thoughts are not your
thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways," says the LORD. 9 "For as the heavens are
higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts
than your thoughts. 10 "For as the rain comes down, and the snow from heaven,
And do not return there, But water the earth, And make it bring forth and bud,
That it may give seed to the sower And bread to the eater, 11 So shall My word
be that goes forth from My mouth; It shall not return to Me void, But it shall
accomplish what I please, And it shall prosper in the thing for which I sent it. 12
"For you shall go out with joy, And be led out with peace; The mountains and the
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hills Shall break forth into singing before you, And all the trees of the field shall
clap their hands. 13 Instead of the thorn shall come up the cypress tree, And
instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree; And it shall be to the LORD for
a name, For an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off."
k). We will finish this up next time – if the Lord is willing.