Message Notes1). The events surrounding the resurrection of Christ, as with His crucifixion, cannot be viewed within a vacuum. They are both part of the outworking of God?s eternal plans and purposes and therefore must be seen within their context.
a). Col 1:16 For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him.
b). Heb 1:2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds;
c). We must understand that it is God?s plan ? Father, Son and Holy Spirit ? that God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, should rule over the earth along with an unspecified number of companions, who would be completely redeemed, for a period of one thousand years ? and that this purpose was already determined before the creation of Satan and the angels who rule with him - Heb 4:3b?.the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
d). And that within a broader context this is part of the process towards God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit residing within a new heaven, on a new earth amongst His creation with universal rule in view ?
Re 21:3 And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, "Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God.
2). We will remember the beginning of scripture - Ge 1:1 ? In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was [became] without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep.
a). God?s material creation, the earth, administered from the heavens connected to the earth, became ruined by the rebellion of Satan.
b). Eze 28:18a "You defiled your sanctuaries By the multitude of your iniquities, By the iniquity of your trading;
c). Resulting in the ruined creation?s restoration over a period of six days, followed by a seventh day of rest.
c). On the six day of this restoration God created a being entirely unique within His universe, a being made in His image and likeness ?
Ge 1:26 ? Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."
d). And this newly created being was to rule in Satan?s place.
e). Heb 2:6 But one testified in a certain place, saying: "What is man that You are mindful of him, Or the son of man that You take care of him? 7 You have made him a little lower than the angels; You have crowned him with glory and honor, And set him over the works of Your hands. 8 You have put all things in subjection under his feet." For in that He put all in subjection under him, He left nothing that is not put under him. But now we do not yet see all things put under him.
f). There are two things we should see from our scripture here ?
i/ Man - Adam ? was created a little lower than the angels in respect of rulership and therefore had to be proven worthy to be exalted to a position to replace them.
ii/ Yet from God?s perspective this is already done, but the realization of it remains yet future at the completion of the six days of work.
3). Man, through the intervention of Satan in the Garden, sinned. And as a result all three parts of his being ? his spirit, soul and body were affected. His spirit died, his soul became corrupted and his body started to decay.
a). Because of this Man became separated from the purpose for his creation. And this separation is passed on, through Adam, to all subsequent generations - 1Co 15:22a For as in Adam all die,
b). Now, as we have already noted, it is God?s intention that Man should be redeemed from this fallen state so as to fulfill his created purpose.
c). Ge 3:15 And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel."
d). This redemption, through the work of the promised Redeemer, must address all three parts of fallen Man.
4). The foundation we have laid for us in Genesis Chapter 1 shows clearly a defined process - a sovereign act of God that brings light into where there was only darkness, followed by a continuing work of the Holy Spirit over another five days. And this is a process that cannot be improved upon.
a). The sovereign act of God in respect of Man involves death and shed blood ? which makes that which was dead alive - Ge 3:21 ? Also for Adam and his wife the LORD God made tunics of skin, and clothed them.
b). Joh 5:24 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life.
c). The continuing work of the Holy Spirit beyond this point in respect of Man has to do with Man choosing to be led by the Spirit ? being faithfully obedient to that which God has said - Ro 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
d). Bringing those who choose faithful obedience to the focal point of the Holy Spirit?s work ? the 7th Day, the Day of Rest - Heb 4:1 ? Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it.
5). This is the same pattern that we see with Abraham, the one through whom God would work to fulfill His purposes.
a). Although the actual point of Abraham?s eternal salvation is not recorded in scripture, his action of leaving Ur of the Chaldeas, by faith, is proof positive of his already having passed from death into life ?
Heb 11:8 By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going.
i/ Note that he was being led, by the Spirit, to a specific destination for the purpose of receiving an inheritance in that place.
b). And it is as a result of his faithful obedience that he receives the promises of God in respect of this inheritance, which includes both realms of God?s Kingdom ? the heavens and the earth - Ge 22:17 "blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies. 18 "In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice."
i/ We can see here that it is through Abraham?s ?seed? that the promises God makes will be fulfilled.
ii/ And this is particularly significant because of God?s own commentary on the offering of Isaac, Abraham?s seed, as a sacrifice on Mount Moriah.
iii/ Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, 18 of whom it was said, "In Isaac your seed shall be called," 19 concluding that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead, from which he also received him in a figurative sense.
iv/ And right here we see a connection with being raised from the dead and receiving the promises of God.
v/ From God?s perspective Isaac, the firstborn of the freewoman, died that day, only God accepted the death of the ram caught in the thicket in Isaac?s place. So Isaac, having died vicariously, is figuratively raised from the dead in order to receive the promises.
6). And again we see this in respect of those who are the seed of Abraham, through Isaac and Jacob ? the nation of Israel.
a). Their eternal redemption is wrought by a sovereign act of God on the night of the first Passover through the death of a substitute, the Passover lambs, in place of the death of the firstborn - Ex 12:12 'For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. 13 'Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
b). The death of the firstborn related not just to Egypt, but also to individuals within Israel, and specifically to Israel as a whole, whom God had adopted as a firstborn son - Ex 4:22 "Then you shall say to Pharaoh, 'Thus says the LORD: "Israel is My son, My firstborn.
c). The adopted firstborn son, Israel having died vicariously that night was then buried in the place of death three days out of Egypt ? passing through the Red Sea ? being raised to newness of life on the eastern shore. To be led by the Spirit to a specific location to receive the inheritance promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob - Ex 6:8 'And I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the LORD.'"
d). Having been raised from the dead, in a figurative sense, it is then that God makes conditional promises concerning the land and the inheritance - Ex 19:4 'You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself. 5 'Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. 6 'And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.'
e). De 26:1 ? "And it shall be, when you come into the land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, and you possess it and dwell in it,
7). From our example then we see two things ?
i/ A sovereign act of God that brings about eternal redemption through faith in the death and shed blood of a substitute.
ii/ Then resurrection that enables the leading of the Spirit to a land and an inheritance that is conditioned on faithful obedience.
8). Now the conditional promises we see in our Exodus scripture relate to the earthly portion of the Kingdom. But as we know God?s promises to Abraham included the heavens and the earth and it is only the seed of Abraham who could receive these promises.
a). Hence, when the time had fully come we have Christ?s earthly ministry, where the One who is the only begotten Son of God, the One appointed heir of all things, the One for Whom all things were made comes to His own things ? the throne of David and the scepter of regality, proffering the Kingdom of the heavens to the nation of Israel ? conditioned on their national repentance.
b). Mt 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach and to say, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand."
c). Lu 4:43 but He said to them, "I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, because for this purpose I have been sent."
9). The nation of Israel though, as we have also seen, led by their religious leaders rejected both the message and the messenger - Mt 23:13 ? "But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men; for you neither go in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.
a). The Kingdom of the Heavens was taken from Israel to be given to a new nation - Mt 21:43 "Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it.
b). An event verbalized here in Matthew 21, but already set in place in Matthew 12 when the religious leaders attribute the work of the Holy Spirit to the work of Satan.
10). As we saw last week, it is in Matthew 13 that Jesus leaves the house to go and sit by the sea, giving a series of parables that relate to the ones making up the new nation.
a). And then Matthew 16 when His church is mentioned for the first time..
b). And as we also saw last week it is from this point that Christ?s death and resurrection come into view - Mt 16:21 ? From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.
c). Please note ? He must go to Jerusalem, suffer and be killed, and be raised from the dead ? specifically on the third day.
11). Those who would make up this new nation, the church, the one new man, would come predominantly from the Gentile nations - Lu 2:30 For my eyes have seen Your salvation 31 Which You have prepared before the face of all peoples, 32 A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, And the glory of Your people Israel."
a). For Gentiles to be of this new nation they would have to be of the seed of Abraham, and this would require their positional standing in Christ
Ga 3:29 And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
b). Ro 12:5 so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another.
12). Now for those who are born ?dead in trespasses and sins? to pass from death into life, being ?in Christ?, there had to be a sovereign act of God involving death and shed blood.
a). The sacrificial system of animals, and particularly the Passover lambs, was given to Israel alone. And in respect of the Kingdom of the Heavens, that nation had now been set aside.
b). So the death of the Lamb of God, the Lord Jesus Christ, the One to whom the animal sacrifices pointed was preordained to provide the means of eternal redemption for those who would make up the one new man in Christ.
c). Christ is also God?s only begotten firstborn Son. And in His death we have the death of the firstborn ? the price of redemption.
d). Christ is also the substitute who dies in our place that our first birth may be set aside and our second birth, the birth from above come into view -
1Co 5:7b?For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.
Ro 6:10 For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all;
13). As we put faith in God?s provision for sin, the death and shed blood of His Son ? believing on the Lord Jesus Christ ? so we become part of the body of Christ, and in this sense we share in His death
a). Ro 6:3 Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death?
b). Ro 6:5 For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death,
c). Ro 6:8 Now if we died with Christ,
14). When God looks down on the one who has believed on Christ, just as with Israel in Exodus, He sees the blood of His Son and is satisfied. With regards to eternal redemption there is nothing more to be done. It is Christ?s death and shed blood that brings this to pass ? and this is the beginning and the end. And from God?s perspective, in Christ?s death He sees our death.
a). If Christ were not resurrected this would not and could not change as eternal is through death and shed blood ? the finished work of Christ on the cross of Calvary.
15). However, as we have already seen, the fulfillment of God?s purpose for Man with regards to inheritance and rulership is inseparably connected with resurrection, not death ? although obviously death must precede it.
a). If Christ were not raised from the dead, we would still share in His death but with respect to the third day we could only remain in the place of death. There would be no hope set before us.
b). 1Co 15:13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ is not risen. 14 And if Christ is not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty. 15 Yes, and we are found false witnesses of God, because we have testified of God that He raised up Christ, whom He did not raise up--if in fact the dead do not rise. 16 For if the dead do not rise, then Christ is not risen. 17 And if Christ is not risen, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins! 18 Then also those who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the most pitiable.
c). Without Christ?s resurrection it would not be possible for us to come from the place of death ? it would not be possible for us to be led by the Spirit towards our inheritance ? there would be no Millennial Kingdom ? and God would be a liar.
d). Joh 10:17 "Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again. 18 "No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This command I have received from My Father."
e). 1Co 15:3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. 6 After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. 7 After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles. 8 Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time.
f). 1Pe 1:3 ? Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 6 ? In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while, if need be, you have been grieved by various trials, 7 that the genuineness of your faith, being much more precious than gold that perishes, though it is tested by fire, may be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ, 8 whom having not seen you love. Though now you do not see Him, yet believing, you rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory, 9 receiving the end of your faith--the salvation of your souls. 10 ? Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace that would come to you, 11 searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. 12 To them it was revealed that, not to themselves, but to us they were ministering the things which now have been reported to you through those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven--things which angels desire to look into. 13 ? Therefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and rest your hope fully upon the grace that is to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;14 as obedient children, not conforming yourselves to the former lusts, as in your ignorance; 15 but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, 16 because it is written, "Be holy, for I am holy." 17 And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your stay here in fear; 18 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. 20 He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you 21 who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
16). Be encouraged, my beloved brethren, our Lord is risen from the dead and is seated at the right hand of the Father until He makes His enemies His footstool. And if we have become companions of His death we can also be companions of His resurrection - Ro 6:8 Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, 9 knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him. 10 For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. 11 Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.
a). Php 3:10 that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death, 11 if, by any means, I may attain to the resurrection from the dead. 12 Not that I have already attained, or am already perfected; but I press on, that I may lay hold of that for which Christ Jesus has also laid hold of me. 13 Brethren, I do not count myself to have apprehended; but one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind and reaching forward to those things which are ahead, 14 I press toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus. 15 ? Therefore let us, as many as are mature, have this mind; and if in anything you think otherwise, God will reveal even this to you.
17). Because of His resurrection we are able to keep our old man in the place of death, we are able to walk in newness of life, we are able to be led by the Spirit ? through faithful obedience ? to our inheritance in that heavenly land.
a). And to come back to our beginning point ? this is all about God?s plans and purposes with respect to His Son and rulership ? all made possible by the events of the third day, pointing to the third day yet to come ?
Heb 2:10 ? For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
b). It is on the third day in Genesis 1 that the dry land appears from under the water ? the very substance from which Man is made for the purpose of rulership.
c). It is on the third day that Abraham sees the place from afar off
d). On the third day that Israel passes through the Red Sea
e). On the third day that Lazarus is raised
f). On the third day that Christ is raised from the dead
g). And on the third day which is also the seventh day, that we shall rule and reign with Him