Message NotesFor Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 1
Sunday March 26th 2017
For Jews Request a Sign…..
Part Twenty Seven
1). Joh 2:18 So the Jews answered and said to Him, "What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?" 19 Jesus answered and said to them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." 20 Then the Jews said, "It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?" 21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body.
Mt 12:38 ¶ Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered, saying, "Teacher, we want to see a sign from You." 39 But He answered and said to them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
a). The eighth and final sign recorded in John’s Gospel is that of the resurrection of the Lord and, from our two sets of scripture from John and Matthew, the Lord makes clear to the Jews that His resurrection is a sign given to them.
b). And if we remember the purpose for the signs that Jesus did which is spelled out for us in - Joh 20:30 And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.
We can know from this that the Lord’s resurrection of itself is the ultimate proof that He is the Christ, the Son of God, which, when received by the Jews will turn them to belief that they might have life in His name – something of course that at the moment still remains yet future.
c). And as we looked last time at the recorded events that took place on the day that we have come to call, ‘Palm Sunday’ – the fulfillment of Zechariah 9:9, the declaration from the Messianic Psalm 118 and the palm branches as
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 2
seen in Leviticus and Nehemiah - we saw this - Joh 12:16 His disciples did not
understand these things at first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they
remembered that these things were written about Him and that they had done
these things to Him.
The disciples did not understand these things at first – they had witnessed the
events but had not made the connection ‘that these things were written about
Him’ – they had not yet seen from the scriptures that the scriptures spoke of
the One they had spent the past 3 years with.
d). And it was not of course until after the Lord’s resurrection that He
opened their understanding that they might comprehend the scriptures –
Lu 24:32 And they said to one another, "Did not our heart burn within us while
He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to
us?"……………..44 Then He said to them, "These are the words which I spoke to
you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written
in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me." 45 And
He opened their understanding, that they might comprehend the Scriptures. 46
Then He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ
to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, 47 "and that repentance and
remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at
Jerusalem. 48 "And you are witnesses of these things.
And it was beginning at Jerusalem in accord with v47 that Peter began to
preach this very message when the day of Pentecost had fully come –
Ac 2:22 "Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by
God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your
midst, as you yourselves also know-- 23 "Him, being delivered by the determined
purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have
crucified, and put to death; 24 "whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of
death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it. 25 "For David
says concerning Him: 'I foresaw the LORD always before my face, For He is at my
right hand, that I may not be shaken. 26 Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my
tongue was glad; Moreover my flesh also will rest in hope. 27 For You will not
leave my soul in Hades, Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption. 28
You have made known to me the ways of life; You will make me full of joy in Your
presence.' 29 "Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch
David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 3
"Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to
him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the
Christ to sit on his throne, 31 "he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the
resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh
see corruption. 32 "This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses.
e). Amazingly this is the same Peter, who 50 days earlier, with cursing
and swearing, denied all knowledge of the Lord, who is now preaching boldly
to the same Jews who took the Lord by lawless hands to put Him to death; a
quite remarkable turnaround.
f). And there is another significant change we can see with regards to
Peter on this day – Peter is now quoting with confidence from the scriptures.
Before the verses we read he had already referenced the prophet Joel and was
now drawing from the Psalms, using the scriptures to prove that Jesus is the
Christ, the Son of God - Lu 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets,
He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
g). Although, following Peter’s preaching on the Day of Pentecost some
3000 souls were added to those who already believed, the Jewish nation as a
whole did not repent and so the spiritual condition of the nation remained as
it was before the Lord’s death and resurrection - Joh 12:37 ¶ But although He
had done so many signs before them, they did not believe in Him, 38 that the
word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke: "Lord, who has
believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?" 39
Therefore they could not believe, because Isaiah said again: 40 "He has blinded
their eyes and hardened their hearts, Lest they should see with their eyes, Lest
they should understand with their hearts and turn, So that I should heal them."
41 These things Isaiah said when he saw His glory and spoke of Him.
And this same spiritual condition with regards to the nation and repentance
continues even to the present day – 2Co 3:14 But their minds were blinded. For
until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament,
because the veil is taken away in Christ. 15 But even to this day, when Moses is
read, a veil lies on their heart. 16 Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord, the
veil is taken away.
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 4
h). And for the nation of Israel the veil will remain ‘unlifted’ until the
day they look on the One whom they pierced, receiving Him as their Messiah,
applying the blood of the Passover Lamb whom they had previously slain,
because only in Christ is the veil taken away.
i). And in a parallel experience to the disciples on the road to Emmaus
and Paul on the road to Damascus that which had previously been hidden
from them will be opened to their understanding and for the first time the
nation will see the Christ in their scriptures - Eze 36:25 ¶ "Then I will sprinkle
clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your
filthiness and from all your idols.26 "I will give you a new heart and put a new
spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a
heart of flesh. 27 "I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My
statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them.28 "Then you shall dwell
in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your
And in that day, like those who bore witness to the resurrection of Lazarus on
‘Palm Sunday’ the Jewish people will be the Lord’s witnesses to the ends of the
2). We had seen last time that following the climactic events on what we call
‘Palm Sunday’ all that remained in view was the Lord’s death and
resurrection, the final sign that we looked at promised in John and Matthew as
we began this morning; and with this in mind remembering that all is taking
place according to the scriptures let’s look at what we find in - Ex 12:3 "Speak
to all the congregation of Israel, saying: 'On the tenth day of this month every
man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb
for a household. 4 'And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his
neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons;
according to each man's need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 'Your
lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the
sheep or from the goats. 6 'Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the
same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it
a). The Passover lamb was to be selected and observed from the 10th
day of the month until the 14th day of month, when it would be killed, to make
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 5
sure that it was without blemish and this is the exact period of time that Jesus
spends in Jerusalem being tested by the religious leaders following the events
of ‘Palm Sunday’, just as the scriptures say - Mt 22:15 ¶ Then the Pharisees
went and plotted how they might entangle Him in His talk.
1Pe 1:19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and
Mt 22:46 And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did
anyone dare question Him anymore.
b). And so the Lamb of God without spot and without blemish was slain
at twilight – it being expedient that one man should die for the nation and not
that the whole nation perish, an event already foreshadowed in the death of
Abel, already foreshadowed in the sacrifice of Isaac, foreshadowed by Joseph
in Egypt and foreshadowed in every Passover lamb from the Exodus onwards
and seen in the suffering servant of Isaiah Chapter 53. These being just a few
of the locations in the scriptures where Christ’s death is pictured –
Re 13:8………….the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
3). Joh 19:31 ¶ Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies
should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high
day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might
be taken away. 32 Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of
the other who was crucified with Him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw
that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers
pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35
And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that
he is telling the truth, so that you may believe. 36 For these things were done
that the Scripture should be fulfilled, "Not one of His bones shall be broken." 37
And again another Scripture says, "They shall look on Him whom they
pierced."38 ¶ After this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but
secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of
Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took the body of Jesus. 39
And Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came, bringing a
mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds. 40 Then they took the
body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 6
Jews is to bury. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden,
and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 So there
they laid Jesus, because of the Jews' Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.
As we read this account we see that the scriptures continue to be fulfilled in
the details of the Lord’s crucifixion, in addition to those surrounding the
Passover itself. And this is really not surprising for us to see because over the
years we have come to realize that all, past, present and future, must be
according to the scriptures – Joh 5:46 "For if you believed Moses, you would
believe Me; for he wrote about Me.
Of this there can be no doubt.
a). Now, in particular let’s draw our attention to v39-40 of John Chapter
19. In these verses we see Nicodemus again, although now he is clearly in a
different spiritual place to that which we found him in John Chapter 3.
Nicodemus now it seems, like Joseph of Arimathea, would have to be seen as ‘a
disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews.’
e). And as a disciple of Jesus Nicodemus comes with Joseph to prepare
the Lord’s body for burial, bringing with him, ‘a mixture of myrrh and aloes,
about a hundred pounds’ – and we can read what he and Joseph did with this
mixture, ‘then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with
the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury’.
f). The mixture of the myrrh and aloes was a sticky, resinous substance
which would be applied to the body as it was wrapped with the strips of linen
for the purpose of preservation – the easiest way to picture this would be to
think of an Egyptian mummy as this would be very similar to what the Lord’s
body would have looked like.
g). And if we think about this description of the preparation of the
Lord’s body, this is a picture we have seen before quite recently –
Joh 11:43 Now when He had said these things, He cried with a loud voice,
"Lazarus, come forth!" 44 And he who had died came out bound hand and foot
with graveclothes, and his face was wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them,
"Loose him, and let him go."
Lazarus came out of his tomb at the command of the One who is ‘the
resurrection and the life’ – and we see that he was ‘bound hand and foot with
graveclothes’, and there is no reason to suppose that Lazarus was not covered
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 7
with a mixture of spices as was Jesus, as this was the custom of the Jews to
h). And as we remember the account of the raising of Lazarus we will
remember that he had to walk out of the tomb and needed those present at
the scene as he was raised to loose him and let him go – to unwrap him from
i). Now let’s also remember that the Lord’s disciples were witnesses to
the raising of Lazarus, and saw exactly what happened that day as Lazarus
came from his tomb.
j). So, with all of this in mind let’s now go to the day of the Lord’s
resurrection – the fulfillment of the sign of the prophet Jonah.
3). Joh 20:1 ¶ Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the
tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away
from the tomb. 2 Then she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other
disciple, whom Jesus loved, and said to them, "They have taken away the Lord
out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him." 3 Peter
therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb. 4 So they
both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb
first. 5 And he, stooping down and looking in, saw the linen cloths lying there; yet
he did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the
tomb; and he saw the linen cloths lying there, 7 and the handkerchief that had
been around His head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded together in a
place by itself. 8 Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first, went in
also; and he saw and believed. 9 For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that
He must rise again from the dead.
When Mary Magdalene arrived at the tomb of Jesus, early on the first day of
the week, she found that the stone had been taken away from the tomb, just as
we had seen in the account of Lazarus.
a). And the assumption that Mary made was that someone had ‘taken
away the Lord out of the tomb’ – someone had removed His body and taken it
elsewhere. And having told this to Peter and John they then both ran together
to the tomb with John arriving first.
b). Peter is the first to go into the tomb and he sees ‘the linen cloths
lying there, and the handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 8
with the linen cloths, but folded together in a place by itself’ [Lit. collapsed in
c). Then the scripture records that ‘the other disciple, who came to the
tomb first, went in also; and he saw and believed.’
d). So, what did John see that caused him to believe?
e). Well climatic conditions in Jerusalem at the time of Passover may
have caused the resinous mixture of myrrh and aloes to begin to harden, but
whether that was what happened or not, what John saw was the shell that had
encased the Lord’s body, the linen cloths, still in the place and untouched
where His body was laid, still conformed to the shape of the Lord’s body but
with the Lord’s body no longer there. The linen cloths had not been
unwrapped; they retained the shape of the Lord’s body, but without His body
being inside, like a hand removed from a glove.
f). And no doubt John would have remembered, as we should, what he
had witnessed with the raising of Lazarus, which provided the truly striking
contrast to that which he now witnessed as he entered the Lord’s tomb.
g). And what he saw there that day turned his intellectual assent into
reality – he believed that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God – without a doubt.
h). The rock at Lazarus’s tomb had to be removed to let Lazarus come
out; but the rock was removed from the Lord’s tomb, not to let Him out, but to
let others in to see that He was not there.
i). Lazarus had to walk out of his tomb after some fashion to be loosed
by those present as they unwrapped him from his graveclothes; but Jesus did
not walk out of His tomb, nor was He unwrapped. At the moment before His
resurrection His body was cocooned in the spices and linen strips and then in
the twinkling of an eye, in an ‘atomos’ of time, He was not there – out of His
cocoon and outside the tomb.
j). Lazarus needed Jesus to raise him from the dead; but Jesus raised
Himself from the dead - Joh 10:17 "Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay
down My life that I may take it again. 18 "No one takes it from Me, but I lay it
down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.
This command I have received from My Father."
k). Lazarus died physically a second time, but the Lord cannot be held
by death - Ac 2:24 "whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death,
because it was not possible that He should be held by it.
For Jews Request a Sign – Part 27 Page 9
l). And because death has no hold on Him we have the sure promise -
1Co 15:20 ¶ But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the
firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since by man came death, by
Man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in
Christ all shall be made alive.
Power Point – Slides 1-2
And although the Lord still retained the same body of flesh and bone that had
been crucified after His resurrection He now had what the scripture calls a
‘spiritual body’, a body animated by the Spirit. His blood had been shed at
Calvary and remains on the Mercy Seat in the heavenly tabernacle. And His
‘spiritual body’, even before being glorified, was no longer bound by natural
laws - Joh 20:19 ¶ Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week,
when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the
Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, "Peace be with you."
20 When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. Then the
disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.
Jesus did not walk through the wall, but was simply there. One moment He
was not there the next moment He was – such is the power of His spiritual
1Co 15:42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. The body is sown in
corruption, it is raised in incorruption. 43 It is sown in dishonor, it is raised in
glory. It is sown in weakness, it is raised in power. 44 It is sown a natural body, it
is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
We will continue with this next time though – if the Lord is willing.